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MySQL数据库系列之Centos6.5系统下RPM包安装MySQL5.6

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  1. 查看操作系统相关信息。

[root@bj_db1 ~]# cat /etc/issue
CentOS release 6.5 (Final)
Kernel \r on an \m
[root@bj_db1 ~]# uname -a
Linux bj_db1 2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Nov 22 03:15:09 UTC 2013 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

2.创建需要下载rpm软件包的目录。

[root@bj_db1 ~]# mkdir -p /taokey/tools

3.查看下是否有系统自带mysql的rpm包,如果有,需要删除自带的旧rpm包。

[root@bj_db1 ~]# rpm -qa | grep mysql
mysql-libs-5.1.71-1.el6.x86_64
[root@bj_db1 ~]# yum -y remove mysql-libs-5.1*
[root@bj_db1 ~]# rpm -qa | grep mysql
[root@bj_db1 ~]#

4.在MySQL官网下载安装MySQL-5.6.21所需的rpm软件包。

需要下载三个rpm软件包:

MySQL-client-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm  
MySQL-devel-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm  
MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm
[root@bj_db1 ~]# cd /taokey/tools/
[root@bj_db1 tools]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm
[root@bj_db1 tools]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-devel-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm
[root@bj_db1 tools]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm

5.下载完之后,安装三个rpm软件包。

[root@bj_db1 tools]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm

error: Failed dependencies:

libaio.so.1()(64bit) is needed by MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64

libaio.so.1(LIBAIO_0.1)(64bit) is needed by MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64

libaio.so.1(LIBAIO_0.4)(64bit) is needed by MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64

安装MySQL-server报错,原因是没有安装libaio,系统缺少libaio.so此软件包,下边yum安装一下libaio.so软件包。

[root@bj_db1 tools]# yum install -y libaio
[root@bj_db1 tools]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm
[root@bj_db1 tools]# rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm 
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:MySQL-client           ########################################### [100%]
[root@bj_db1 tools]# rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.6.21-1.rhel5.x86_64.rpm 
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:MySQL-devel            ########################################### [100%]

6.修改配置文件位置。

[root@bj_db1 tools]# cp /usr/share/mysql/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf

7.初始化MySQL及修改MySQL默认的root密码。

[root@bj_db1 tools]# /usr/bin/mysql_install_db
[root@bj_db1 tools]# ps -ef | grep mysql
root      2188     1  0 14:48 pts/1    00:00:00 /bin/sh /usr/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/bj_db1.pid
mysql     2303  2188 30 14:48 pts/1    00:00:02 /usr/sbin/mysqld --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/lib64/mysql/plugin --user=mysql --log-error=/var/lib/mysql/bj_db1.err --pid-file=/var/lib/mysql/bj_db1.pid
root      2331  1853  0 14:49 pts/1    00:00:00 grep mysql
[root@bj_db1 tools]# netstat -anpt | grep 3306
tcp        0      0 :::3306                     :::*                        LISTEN      2303/mysqld
[root@bj_db1 tools]# more /root/.mysql_secret
# The random password set for the root user at Thu Apr  9 14:43:59 2015 (local time): F6K3v_xggFoLQeiN

[root@bj_db1 tools]# mysql -uroot -pF6K3v_xggFoLQeiN
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 1
Server version: 5.6.21

Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('123.com'); 
mysql> exit
Bye
[root@bj_db1 tools]# mysql -uroot -p123.com
Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 6
Server version: 5.6.21 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>

8.设置MySQL服务开机自启动。

[root@bj_db1 tools]# chkconfig mysql on
[root@bj_db1 tools]# chkconfig mysql --list
mysql           0:off   1:off   2:on    3:on    4:on    5:on    6:off

到此为止,使用RPM安装MySQL5.6版本数据库安装完毕,谢谢大家。

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